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The 25th International Symposium on Space Technology and Science
The 25th International Symposium on Space Technology and Science (ISTS) was held June 4-11, 2006, in Kanazawa, Ishikawa Pref., Japan. ISTS is the world? second-largest international conference on space technology and science, attracting specialists in such areas as space engineering, space science and medical science. It takes place in Japan every two years. This year, about 800 experts took part --- the largest number of participants since the first conference in 1959. A large number of papers were presented. The general public was invited to view the latest in space technology at the 21st Century Museum of Contemporary Art.
						This international conference was supported by JAXA Technology Councilor Yasunori Matogawa, who is the 25th ISTS General Chairperson, and also by many JAXA staff members.
						ISTS Kanazawa was a great success, with many discussions about achievements in and prospects for space activity. The following panel, ?uilding Japan? Future in Space,?was held in commemoration of the 25th ISTS.

Building Japan? Future in Space
Moderator: Yasunori Matogawa
						25th ISTS General Chairperson, JAXA Technology Councilor
Panelists (from left to right):
Shinya Ono   Member of the House of Representatives (Member of Space Development Diet Organization)
Ryojiro Akiba   Professor Emeritus, University of Tokyo
Keiji Tachikawa   President of JAXA
Chiaki Mukai   JAXA Astronaut

Matogawa: Today, panelists with different occupations are going to share with us their perspectives on the theme “Building Japan’s Future in Space.” The first panelist is Representative Shinya Ono. He studied astronautics, and later was with the Institute of Space and Astronautical Science (ISAS). He is currently the Chief Secretary of Space Development Diet Organization.

Space Development Needs Dreams, Wisdom and Spirit
			Shinya Ono   Member of the House of Representatives (Member of Space Development Diet Organization)

I would like our guests from overseas to recognize that Japan’s space development has its own unique style. This illustration (* image 1) should make my point. The illustration is accompanied by a genre of Japanese poetry called tanka, which consists of 31 syllables, 5-7-5-7-7. The lady waving her hand is Astronaut Mukai, and the style is like Manga, which is a popular artform in Japan.

image 1

image 2

Life on the Earth
enshrined in limitation.
Looking to the stars
we set free an ark of dreams
to the vastness of space.

The meaning of the tanka is this: Recently, problems with the environment and food have come to the surface, and more and more people seem to be under the impression that the Earth is gradually becoming an unpleasant place to live. When fewer and fewer dreams are shared in our society, it is time to send an ark of dreams into space. Pack it full of dreams, and let it sail into space, where there are no borders. People from different cultures, with different religions, will live on a space station, and a new concept for humankind will be created. And by introducing it to our world, we will probably be able to find clues to a new era of human society on Earth. This is the idea that I would like to advocate.
The next illustration (*image 2) is a woman with crossed arms, looking troubled because she has only a sausage and an onion on the counter in front of her, and is puzzled by what to cook with the little she has. But there is a refrigerator behind her to the left. Does she know what’s in the fridge? Is she using her ingredients well? She might even have forgotten what is stored deep in the fridge. Also, through the window behind her to the right are a butcher, a grocery store and a hardware store. If she bought a few items there, she would have a lot more options.
The same is true of space development. Those who are working in the field of space probably have the impression that the possibilities are becoming narrower as budgets are reduced each year. I would like to suggest that this is when international collaboration comes in, and helps expand our possibilities. I think that the key words for space development at a time like this are “dreams,” “wisdom,” and “spirit.” Can we have dreams that everyone can share as mutual goals?
To make these dreams come true, will it be possible for us to gather wisdom and develop better ideas? And will we specialists in space development be able to share and maintain our spirit, which is the energy that keeps us moving toward our goals, and towards the future? These are the questions I would like to pose. Sharing big dreams to capture and unite the hearts of the world, moving forward with strong determination, and choosing and following a just path guided by wisdom --- I think this is the fundamental attitude we need to inspire, in order to encourage space development.

Matogawa: Thank you for your speech full of dreams. Mr. Ono is also actively promoting a movement to bring out dreams, wisdom and spirit. The next speaker is Astronaut Chiaki Mukai, who has been to space twice. Could you give us your opinion on the direction we should take for further advancement?
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