Precise Global Digital 3D Map "ALOS World 3D" Homepage
JAXA is starting to process the precise global digital 3D map using some 3 million data images acquired by the Advanced Land Observing Satellite "DAICHI" (ALOS). The digital 3D map to be compiled this time has the world's best precision of five meters in spatial resolution with five meters height accuracy that enables us to express land terrain all over the world. Hence its strong character will prove useful in various areas including mapping, damage prediction of a natural disaster, water reso...
- February 24, 2014 (15:00)
- DAICHI Data Application for Compilation of Global Digital 3D Map with World's Best Precision
- May 12, 2011 (11:00)
- DAICHI (ALOS) Operation Completion
About Advanced Land Observing Satellite "DAICHI" (ALOS)
Advanced Land Observing Satellite "DAICHI" will be used for precise land coverage observation.
The Advanced Land Observing Satellite "DAICHI" (ALOS) has been developed to contribute to the fields of mapping, precise regional land coverage observation, disaster monitoring, and resource surveying. It enhances land observation technologies acquired through the development and operation of its predecessors, the Japanese Earth Resource Satellite-1 (JERS-1, or Fuyo) and the Advanced Earth Observing Satellite (ADEOS, or Midori).
Characteristics of Advanced Land Observing Satellite "DAICHI" (ALOS)
"DAICHI" will be used not only for cartography, but also for regional and disaster monitoring.
DAICHI's remote-sensing equipment enables precise land coverage observation and can collect enough data by itself for mapping on a scale of 25,000 to 1. without relying on points of reference on the ground. It is expected to play an important role in cartography by providing maps of Japan and other countries, including those in the Asia-Pacific region, which is one of ALOS's main objectives. Other objectives include regional observation for harmonization between the environment and development on Earth, domestic and overseas disaster monitoring and resource surveys.
Since its launch in Jan. 2006, DAICHI's observation data has been used in various areas including disaster mitigation through observing regions damaged by earthquakes, tsunami, or typhoons, as well as carrying out forest monitoring,natural environment maintenance, agriculture, and compiling a 1/25,000 topographical map. In its 5-year operation, it shot 6.5 million scenes all over the world. When the Great East Japan Earthquake hit Japan in 2011, the DAICHI took some 400 images over disaster-stricken areas to provide information to all parties concerned.
After being in operation for three years of its designed life, it further worked for an extended period over its target period of five years. However, on April 22, 2011, a power generation anomaly caused a communication loss. At 10:50 a.m. on May 12, 2011, JAXA sent a command to stop the onboard transmitter and batteries of the DAICHI from the ground station to complete its operation.
Technologies acquired from the DAICHI operation will be succeeded to the second Advanced Land Observing Satellite “ALOS-2.”
|International Designation Code||2006-002A|
|Launch Date||10:33, January 24, 2006 (JST)|
|Launch Vehicle||H-IIA Launch Vehicle No.8|
|Location||Tanegashima Space Center|
|Shape||Box shape with a solar array paddle, phased array type L-band synthetic aperture radar (PALSAR), and data relay satellite communication antenna
Main body: about 6.2m x 3.5m x4 .0m
Solar Array Paddle: Approx. 3.1m x 22.2m
PALSAR Antenna: Approx. 8.9m x 3.1m
|Orbiter||Sun-Synchronous Subrecurrent/ Recurrent Perid:Approx. 46day|
|Inclination||Approx. 98 degrees|
|Period||Approx. 99 minutes|
|Attitude Control||Three-axis stabilization (High accuracy Attitude Control orbit determination function)|