Satellites and Spacecraft Global Change Observation Mission - Climate (GCOM-C)

Under Development

Project Topics

Dec. 26, 2014 Updated

Global Change Observation Mission – Climate (GCOM-C) mission logo

Global Change Observation Mission – Climate (GCOM-C) mission logo

A mission logo for the Global Change Observation Mission – Climate (GCOM-C) has been selected. GCOM-C is a satellite mission to clarify the climate change mechanism such as global warming, as well as to monitor the status of flying yellow sand, and to observe ocean plankton to estimate fishing points by acquiring various data on the Earth that is considered to have an impact on climate change. The design of the GCOM-C mission logo is a simplified drawing of clouds, dust in the atmosphere (aeros...

About Global Change Observation Mission - Climate (GCOM-C)

Forecasting future global climate

The purpose of the GCOM (Global Change Observation Mission) project is the global, long-term observation of Earth's environment. GCOM is expected to play an important role in monitoring both global water circulation and climate change, and examining the health of Earth from space. Global and long-term observations (10-15 years) by GCOM will contribute to an understanding of water circulation mechanisms and climate change.

GCOM consists of two satellite series, the GCOM-W and GCOM-C. The GCOM-C, carrying a SGLI (Second generation GLobal Imager), conducts surface and atmospheric measurements related to the carbon cycle and radiation budget, such as clouds, aerosols, ocean color, vegetation, and snow and ice.

Characteristics of Global Change Observation Mission - Climate (GCOM-C)

SGLI is an optical sensor for monitoring the long-term trends of aerosol-cloud interactions and for understanding the carbon cycle

The Second generation GLobal Imager (SGLI) on GCOM-C1 is an optical sensor capable of multi-channel observation at wavelengths from near-UV to thermal infrared wavelengths (380nm to 12µm.) SGLI also has polarimetry and forward / backward observation functions at red and near infrared wavelengths. SGLI obtains global observation data once every 2 or 3 days, with resolutions of 250m to 1km.

The SGLI observations will improve our understanding of climate change mechanisms through long-term monitoring of aerosols and clouds, as well as vegetation and temperatures, in the land and ocean regions. These observations will also contribute to enhancing the prediction accuracy of future environmental changes by improving sub-processes in numerical climate models. SGLI-derived phytoplankton and aerosol distributions are also used for mapping fisheries and for monitoring the transport of yellow dust and/or wildfire smoke.

Major Characteristics

Launch Vehicle H-IIA Launch Vehicle
Location Tanegashima Space Center
Weight 2000kg
Power 4kw
Design Life 5 years
Orbiter Sun-Synchronous Subrecurrent/ Recurrent
Altitude 798km
Inclination 98.6 degrees
Period 10:30±15min
Launch Date JFY 2017 (Scheduled)


Aug. 6, 2008
To Preserve Our Earth