The biggest challenges of space science are to reveal the mysteries of the structure and evolution of the universe, the processes of planet formation, and the origin of life.
Major Research and Development
A huge balloon is a flying object for scientific observations and space engineering tests in the same manner as satellites and sounding rockets.
Studying planets and the moon leads us to understand the birth of the Earth and the origin of the solar system and life. Observing planets and the moon through various methods and analyzing acquired data from every angle are imperative for these studies.
Capturing phenomena in the solar system and planets beyond it and their surrounding area provides us with clues to solve the mysteries of space. Therefore, it is essential to acquire as much information as possible by seizing various radio waves including X-rays, infrared lights and plasmas in addition to visible lights.
JAXA promotes space engineering research to stably perform space exploration activities “further”, “with more flexibility” and “in wider directions.”