Satellites and Spacecraft Global Precipitation Measurement/Dual-frequency Precipitation Radar (GPM/DPR)

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Nov. 2, 2015 Updated

Release of the JAXA Realtime Rainfall Watch

Release of the JAXA Realtime Rainfall Watch

Earth Observation Research Center (EORC) of Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) has developed GSMaP realtime version (GSMaP_NOW) providing rainfall information of current hour, and released those information through a new webpage “JAXA Realtime Rainfall Watch”. While GSMaP near-real-time version (GSMaP_NRT) is provided with 4-hour data latency, which consists of 3-hour for data gathering and 1-hour for processing, GSMaP_NOW is provided in quasi-realtime and updated every half-hour. For ...

About Global Precipitation Measurement/Dual-frequency Precipitation Radar (GPM/DPR)

Global Precipitation Observation at Three Hour Intervals with GPM Core Satellite and Constellation Satellites

The 21st century is often called "the century of water." Water is an essential element of the Earth's environment and is indispensable for our life and economic activities. Many places in the world now face water problems, such as water shortages and floods, which can cause food shortages, epidemic diseases, and so on. In addition to these problems, global warming and climate change affect the global water cycle and result in abnormal weather, such as frequent heavy rains and droughts. In order to solve these problems, we urgently need to accurately determine the rainfall distribution, which is the input to water resources, and to improve the techniques of predicting and preparing for abnormal weather.

Tropical rainfall measurement

Japan worked with NASA to measure tropical and subtropical rainfall through the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM). GPM is designed to make more accurate and frequent observation of tropical rainfall by expanding its observing areas to higher latitudes.

GPM Project

GPM is a unique and complex program. GPM is composed of one core satellite and approximately eight constellation satellites. The core satellite carries a dual-frequency precipitation radar (DPR) and a microwave radiometer, and the constellation satellites carry microwave radiometers. Led by JAXA and NASA, the GPM program will be conducted in cooperation with NOAA, CNES, ISRO, China, etc. JAXA is responsible for launch (TBD) and development of a key instrument, DPR, in cooperation with the National Institute of Information and Communications Technology (NICT). NASA will develop the core satellite bus and its microwave radiometer. Other partner countries and organization are responsible for the development of the constellation satellites. Multiple number of constellation satellites will enable global measurement of precipitation about every three hours.

Contents

Aug. 6, 2008
To Preserve Our Earth

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