Safety on Earth and in Space

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Through leading-edge research devoted to the furthering of new opportunities arising from space development, JAXA aims at promoting safety in space, and mitigation of the effects of natural and other disasters on Earth.

Observing space debris

The Space Tracking and Communications Center observes space debris in near-Earth space using the radar (left in photo) and optical telescopes (right in photo) in Okayama Prefecture and calculates their orbits. Based on the obtained data, the Center performs predictive analysis of space debris approaching JAXA’s satellites and the time of large pieces of debris re-entering the atmosphere. At the center, the relevant facility upgrade is underway for the future.

Reducing space debris

The Safety and Mission Assurance Department is working on the creation of international standards to reduce space debris based on international frameworks provided by the Inter-Agency Space Debris Coordination Committee (IADC) and the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), and the development of tools for assessing risks associated with space debris (including the risk and impact of debris falling to the surface of the Earth)

Removing space debris

The Research and Development Directorate is engaged in various research and development activities related to space debris, with the major objective of ensuring safety of space activities.
In the spring of 2020, JAXA started the "Commercial Removal of Debris Demonstration(CRD2)" program to facilitate the removal of large debris from orbit, in collaboration with private business operators seeking to launch the business of providing solutions to debris issues.
Aiming to help achieve debris-free, clean space, JAXA will work to create new markets and lead international discussions,